V8 OS 
1923-30, 1930-'37, 1938-49
Laquered metal, Painted Metal, Nickle plated metal

8x10 Folding View

        Why did L.F. Deardorff create the first 8 x 10 ( called the V8 ) ? He had been a repairman for nearly 30 years before the 1923 premiere of the first V8. He worked for Rochester Optical and assisted in the design  of their  PREMO line of VIEW cameras. He also modified any view camera to have more movements. He gained quite a reputation for this work. He also saw a need for a camera that did all the functions of those modified cameras he worked on. To understand what was going on you have to think of what cameras were around in the early 1920s.  Agfas, Anscos, Kodak's, Carltons, etc.... What do all of these have in common ? They are almost clones of each other. Limited movements, inability to do wide angle work without contortions ( running the camera to the front of the rails putting the camera out of balance)
    L.F was undoubtedly influenced by the English folding field cameras of nearly 40 years before (1880s). What he and his sons did was to re-design the English folding field to have a front extension that rolled out of the bed and a rear extension that did the same. Why these movements ? To balance the camera on the tripod. Remember, these are some heavy lenses made with lots of brass. Also the optical properties of these movements are that the front extension changes the size of the object on the ground glass and the rear extension sets the focusing plane. The moveable rear swing unit changes the perspective of the image. The sliding lens board panel adjusts the image on the ground glass without readjusting the front tilt. Take ALL these movements Rear swing and tilt, front tilt and the sliding panel, put them  together and you do not have to stop down soon much  as before, though I still know photographers who insist on stopping down to f 90 when f 22 will do. But even I do not use all the movements all the time. It can also be squeezed together to  accept  a 3.5in lens. What came of all this ? One of the longest production view cameras in history.  When you see a 1923 Deardorff and a 1988 model you will see a wonderful family resemblance.

This is a 1928 V8 #12A. It has a 6x6 square cornered lensboard

 More V8 Photos here

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